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Energy and Environment

Introduction

The sustainable development and maintain the quality of life for a growing population are the main challenges of this century. Energy production and use, particularly of fossil fuels, have a number of environmental impactsincluding air pollution, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.GHG emissions can be reduced by increased energy efficiency, enhancing renewable/alternate energy sources; Biomass, PV (photovoltaics),Solar technologies, wind energy. Energy and Environment group aims to carry out research in multi-disciplinary and problem-oriented areas like development of materials, products and processes which can contribute in the abatement of GHG emission. 

Team

  • Dr. Arshad Hussain (Focal Person)
  • Dr. Muhammad Shahid (Focal Person)
  • Dr. Abdul Qadeer Malik
  • Dr. Amir Habib
  • Dr. Shaneela Nosheen
  • Dr. Iram Mahmood
  • Research Facilities

    Existing facilities at the Department of Chemical Engineering (SCME)

    • GC/MS (Gas Chromatography/ Mass Spectrometry).
    • FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy).
    • TG/DTA (Thermo Gravimetric/ Differential Thermal Analysis).
    • HPLC (High-Performance Liquid Chromatography).
    • GPC (Gel Permeation Chromatography).

    Planned facilities at the Department of Chemical Engineering (SCME)

  • Gas Permeation Rig.
  • GC (Gas Chromatography). 
  • Shared facilities at the Department of Materials Engineering (SCME)

  • SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope).
  • AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy).
  • XRD (X-ray Diffraction)
  • Mechanical testing Lab.
  • Polymer & Composite Lab.
  • Projects

    • CO2utilization for the production of useful chemicals.
    • Experimental and simulation analysis of hydrogen production from methanol.
    • Process design and analysis of CO2 capture by amine absorption.
    • Development of eco-friendly inhibitors for carbon steels in sweet environment
    • Corrosion protection of steel in acidic medium using environment-friendly pharmaceutical compounds.
    • Stress corrosion cracking of lean duplex stainless steel in chloride environment.
    • Corrosion behavior of carbon steel in produced water at a local gas well.

    Publications

    • A single stage membrane process for CO2 capture from flue gas by a facilitated transport membrane, Journal of Separation Science & Technology 47 (2012) 1857-1865.
    • ., Optimization of reaction efficiency of Entrained FlowGasifiers under high Temperature Conditions, Chemical Engineering& Technology (submitted).
    • A.,Techno-economic Analysis of CO2 Capture from Flue Gas by Amine Absorption andMembrane Technology, Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering(submitted).
    • M Shahid, S J Malik, “Consideration for Galvanic Coupling of Various Stainless Steels & Titanium, During Application in Water-LiBr Absorption-Type Refrigeration System”, Global Design to Gain a Competitive Edge, ISBN: 978-1-84800-238-8 (Print) 978-1-84800-239-5, Pub. Springer London pp.395-404, 2008. http://www.springerlink.com/content/l5263r1ww10619g5/?p=d64018e330d742febdbc17ef6bf08d56&pi=15
    • Muhammad Shahid, Muhammad Faisal, “Effect of H2S gas on corrosion behavior of carbon steel in 14% diethanol amine solution”, The Arabian Journal of Science & Engineering,  Vol.34, No.2C, Dec 2009, pp.179-186.
    • M Shahid, Corrosion protection with eco-friendly inhibitors, Adv. Nat. Sci.: Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 2 (2011) 043001.

    Keywords

    Renewable energy, H2 production, CO2 capture, CO2 utilization, Biofuels

    Focal Person 1

    Dr. Engr. Arshad Hussain

    School of Chemical and Materials Engineering (SCME), NUST

    H-12 Islamabad, Pakistan, Telephone: 0092-051-90855105

    Email Address: arshad.hussain@scme.nust.edu.pk

    Focal Person 2

    Engr. Dr. Muhammad Shahid

    School of Chemical and Materials Engineering (SCME), NUST

    H-12 Islamabad, Pakistan, Telephone: 0092-051-90855002

    Email Address: mshahid@scme.nust.edu.pk