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Short Course Underground Space Utilization and Tunneling 26-29 August 2013 Islamabad
Start Date 
End Date 
SCEE Autitorium, NUST, H-12 Sector Islamabad

Short Course Underground Space Utilization and Tunneling 26-29 August 2013 Islamabad


Global demand of space (population growth and pollution), related energy crisis and traffic hazards are growing concern for the global, regional and national stakeholders. The increase in urban population does not commensurate with the development work, thus causing congestion and shortage of land. The resources like transport, energy, fuel, etc. and environmental hazards are causing inconvenience to the population. Experts think that the monorail/metro system is good for crowded cities, such as the one in Australia, UK and Europe which is popular among the passengers. The Metro system in urban areas has really solved the travelling problems and improved the living, safety and environments. The world has realized the problem areas and planned its remedial measures by utilizing the underground space for living, leisure, infrastructures, transport, storage, utilities, distributions, industries, defence and many other functions.

The mega tunnel projects in the world are English channel (under sea), Wood head tunnel, Alps tunnel, Seikan tunnel (under sea), Gotthard Base tunnel and Gjovik largest cavern. The undeground space has been claimed by making basements, tunnels and caverns below the ground. The huge development works in major cities of Pakistan has also been carried out by making new roads and widening of existing roads but could not fulfill the purpose as increase in population and traffic is more than its development work, thus further detoriating the situation.

The Government of Pakistan has decided to go for the Metro system in major cities and has planned to improve communication network in the form of road and rail tunnels in the mountainous areas of the country to provide smooth and safe link between the cities. The Metro system will reduce the traffic by 35%, simultaneously saving the fuel and energy. The underground infrastructures will also contribute to sustainability of urban environment by creating structures less impacted by earthquake. Few of the under construction and completed tunnels projects in Pakistan are Lowari Road Tunnel at Dir -Chitral, Lak Pass Road tunnel at Quetta and road tunnels at FATA. Moreover Leepa Valley Road Tunnel, Kojak and Landi Kotal Rail Tunnels are planned in future. The hydropower projects have also been started/planned to overcome the power energy crisis like Neelum Jhelum, Keyal Khwar, Dubair Khwar, Allai Khwar Lower Palas, Lower Spat Gah and Bunji hydropower development project.

Course Topics

The course will briefly cover following important aspects in the field of underground space utilization and tunneling:

  • Specialized training for policy makers, project managers, engineers and designers working for urban and rural area development works to provide comfortable, safe environment and smooth working in tunneling field.
  • Planning and utilization of underground space adjacent to the available space at surface and selection techniques keeping in view the strata usage and the requirement.
  • Geotechnical investigation, rock mechanics, ground analysis and behavior.
  • The latest and state-of-the-art tunneling techniques by Tunnel Boring Machine and others tunneling equipment by Herrenknecht AG Tunneling System Germany.
  • The use of latest explosives and modern blasting techniques for tunnel constructions by Wah Nobel Group.
  • Tunnel/Cavern execution problems, survey, seepage, temporary and permanent tunnel support system, Instrumentation, tunnel ventilation and monitoring.
  • Case Studies of Tunneling in Pakistan and Asia.
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