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Dr. Sher Jamal Khan
Associate Professor
Environmental Engineering

National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)
Tel : +925190854353

Membrane Bioreactors

 PhD (Environmental Engineering and Management/Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Thailand). MS/M.Phil(Civil and Environmental Engineering), BE (Civil Engineering)



University / Country

Year of Passing




UET, Taxila, Pakistan


Civil Engineering



Portland StateUniversity,
Portland, USA


Civil and Environmental Engineering



AsianInstitute of Technology,


Environmental Engineering and Management

Environmental Technology and Management

1.    Principal Investigator (PI) of Plan International project titled “Web based MIS/GIS Development for Sindh”
The project through Plan International partnership is to build a Web-based MIS and GIS for monetary and evaluation purposes in Sindh, to track the major activities of development projects through department’s KPIs, and to support WASH program in Sindh through Web-based MIS. Duration of the project is from December 2016 to July 2017 with total budget of Rs. 5.784 Million (In Progress)
2.    Principal Investigator (PI) of WaterAid, UK project titled “WASH Based Research and Development in Academia”
The project through WaterAid-NUST partnership is to support WASH sector through evidence generation by developing appropriate and low cost WASH solutions to support academia to adopt WASH related curriculum which will produce graduates having hand on experience on WASH related issues. The duration of project is from April 2014 to March 2017 with total budget of Rs. 10.87 Million (In Progress).
3.    Associate Partner of AAN Associates for UNICEF project titled “Sustainability Check Study (Rural Open Defecation Free and Drinking Water Supply Schemes - WSS) in Sindh & Punjab” LPRS-MNM-2015-9120209
The Technical Lead/WASH Expert provided technical support to develop framework indicators and sub-indicators, tools, and scale/weightage methodology following by evaluation of the  for rural open defecation free (ODF) and drinking water supply schemes (WSS) in selected districts of Sindh and Punjab. The aim of the project is to a) undertake sustainability check through assessing the community sanitation and hygiene services, and water supply schemes and the outcome in terms of 100% ODF sustainability and 100% WSS functionality; b) provide “Sustainability Action Plan” including the process of undertaking “Annual Sustainability Check”. The duration of project is from January 2016 to October 2016 with total budget of Rs. 2.1 Million (Completed).
4.    Principal Investigator (PI) of research project titled “Establishment of Pilot Scale Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) at NUST”
PI collaborated with Cheil Industries (Samsung Corporation Subsidiary), South Korea to establish the state-of-the-art fully automated “NUST Pilot-Scale Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) Plant” having 50 m3/d capacity at NUST Campus, Sector H-12, Islamabad. Cheil Industries provided technical support by providing piping and instrumentation (P&ID) drawing as well as equipment support worth Rs. 3 Million including three immersed hollow fiber modules, one cassette, and one stainless steel membrane tank. These items are in addition to the approved budget of Rs. 37 Million by NUST R&D Fund (Completed).
5.    Pakistani team leader of INSPIRE project titled “Wastewater Reclamation and Reuse at Bench Scale Using Advanced Biological Treatment Technologies”
This project was jointly funded under British Council, UK and Higher Education Commission (HEC), Pakistan. The UK team leader is Dr Nick Hankins from Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, UK. The total budget of the project was
£56,800 (£ 32,000-NUST and £ 24,800-University of Oxford). This project was among the 17 out of 123 proposals jointly submitted by UK and Pakistani top ranking universities which got selected.  Under this project, bench-scale studies were conducted at the University of Oxford, UK and NUST, Pakistan, utilizing conventional membrane bioreactor (MBR) and forward osmosis MBR (FO-MBR) processes. NUST PhD scholar completed his PhD under this INSPIRE project (Completed).
6.    Principal Investigator (PI) of Oxfam, GB project titled “Voices of Community-Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Sector”
The consultancy project through Oxfam GB and NUST Partnership was to record, analyze and report WASH related stories from eight (8) districts of Sindh and KPK using the Most Significant Change (MSC) technique over a period of four months i.e., from December 2013 to March 2014. The total budget of the project was Rs. 1.8 Million (Completed).
7.    Principal Investigator (PI) of WaterAid, UK project title “WASH Action Research with Academia”
The project through WaterAid-NUST partnership was to develop appropriate and low cost WASH solutions. Project learning was documented and incorporated into the teaching curriculum. The duration of project was from 15 June 2013 to March 2014 with total budget of Rs. 1.85 Million (Completed).
8.    Principal Investigator (PI) of research project titled “Action learning in environmental engineering to develop employability skills and experience-the use of UK employer sponsored virtual summer placement via Brunel University for undergraduate and postgraduate students in Pakistan”
This project was funded under British Council: Strategic Partnership Extension Knowledge Exchange (SPEKE) Grant. The total budget of the project was Rs. 2.1 Million (£ 15,000). Under the SPEKE Grant, the PI collaborated with Dr. Parneet Paul from Department of Civil Engineering, Brunel University, UK to develop the “Virtual Internship Program” for the undergraduate environmental engineering students to gain employment skills and training via the UK whilst still continuing their Pakistani studies during the summer break (Completed).
9.    Principal Investigator of research project titled “Nestle Wastewater Treatability Studies”
This project was funded by 3W Systems Pvt. Ltd., Pakistan. The total budget was Rs. 0.7 Million. Nestle Pvt. Ltd. planned to construct a new wastewater treatment plant in Sheikhpura, Pakistan based on the biological oxidation ditch system and for this purpose they awarded the lab-scale treatability project to the PI. Under the treatability study, batch systems as well as sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) were operated for a period of 2 months to investigate the operating conditions of the biological process in order to achieve the desired treatment efficiency (Completed).
10.    Principal Investigator (PI) of research project titled “Membrane bioreactor technology (MBR) for wastewater treatment and reuse”
This project was funded by the Higher Education Commission (HEC) National Research Program for Universities (NRPU). The total budget for the project was Rs. 4.0 Million. The research work (2009-2012) led to the first of its kind bench-scale MBRs setup at the Water and Wastewater Laboratory at NUST, Pakistan including conventional MBR (C-MBR), moving biofilm MBR (MB-MBR) and anoxic/oxic MBR (A/O-MBR). This research activity resulted in four peer-reviewed publications with impact factor and three international conference oral presentations (Completed).
1.    Jamal Khan, S. and Visvanathan, C. (2008) “Influence of mechanical mixing intensity on a biofilm structure and permeability in a membrane bioreactor”, Desalination, 231 (253-267) IF: 3.756

2.    Jamal Khan, S., Visvanathan, C., Jegatheesan, V., and Ben Aim, R. (2008) “Influence of mechanical mixing rates on sludge characteristics and membrane fouling in MBRs”, Separation Science and Technology, 43 (1-13) IF: 1.171

3.    Jamal Khan, S., Visvanathan, C. and Jegatheesan, V. (2009) “Prediction of membrane fouling in MBR systems using empirically estimated specific cake resistance”, Bioresource Technology, 100 (6133-6136) IF: 4.494

4.    Jamal Khan, S., Ilyas, S., Javid, S., Visvanathan, C. and Jegatheesan, V. (2011) “Performance of suspended and attached growth MBR systems in treating high strength synthetic wastewater”,Bioresource Technology, 102 (5331-5336) IF: 4.494

5.    Ali, M., Jamal Khan, S.,Aslam, I, and Khan, Z. (2011) “Simulation of the impacts of land-use change on surface runoff of Lai Nullah Basin in Islamabad, Pakistan”, Landscape and Urban Planning, 102 (271-279) IF: 3.654

6.    Jamal Khan, S., Zohaib-Ur-Rehman, Visvanathan, C. and Jegatheesan, V. (2012)“Influence of biofilm carriers on membrane fouling propensity in moving biofilm membrane bioreactor”, Bioresource Technology,113 (161-164) IF: 4.494

7.    Jamal Khan, S., Visvanathan, C. and Jegatheesan, V. (2012) “Effect of powdered activated carbon (PAC) and cationic polymer on biofouling mitigation in hybrid MBRs”. Bioresource Technology, 113 (165-168) IF: 4.494

8.    Saba, B., Hashmi, I., Awan, M.A., Nasir, H., and Jamal Khan, S. (2012) “Distribution, toxicity level and concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in surface soil and groundwater of Rawalpindi, Pakistan”, Desalination and Water Treatment, 49 (240-247) IF: 1.173

9.    Saba, B., Hashmi, I., Nasir, H., Jamal Khan, S., and Khalid, A. (2012) "Comparison of soxhlet and direct ultrasonic techniques for determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in agricultural and urban soils of Pakistan", Journal of The Chemical Society of Pakistan, 34 (1312-1316) IF 0.345

10.    Fatima, S.S. and Jamal Khan, S. (2012) “Evaluating the treatment performance of a full scale Activated Sludge Plant in Islamabad, Pakistan”, Water Practice and Technology, Volume 7, No. 1, doi: 10.2166/wpt.2012.016

11.    Nawaz, S., Gadelha, G., Jamal Khan, S., Hankins, N. (2013) “Microbial Toxicity Effects of Reverse Transported Draw Solute in the Forward Osmosis Membrane Bioreactor (FO-MBR)”, Journal of Membrane Science, 429 (323-329) IF: 5.056

12.    Jamal Khan, S., Parveen, F., Ahmad, A., Hashmi, I. and Hankins, N. (2013) “Performance evaluation and bacterial characterization of membrane bioreactors”, Bioresource Technology, 141 (2-7) IF: 4.494

13.    Jamal Khan, S., Ilyas, S., and Zohaib-Ur-Rehman (2013) “Impact of nitrogen loading rates on treatment performance of domestic wastewater and fouling propensity in submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR)”, Bioresource Technology, 141 (46-49) IF: 4.494

14.    Jamal Khan, S., Ali, S., Visvanathan, C., and Pillay, V.L. (2013) "Membrane fouling characterization in membrane based septic tank", Desalination and Water Treatment, 51 (6415-6419) IF 1.173
15.    Waheed, H., Hashmi, I., Naveed, A.K., Jamal Khan, S. (2013) “Molecular detection of microbial community composition in a nitrifying and denitrifying activated sludge system”, International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 85 (527-532). IF 2.131

16.    Nawaz, S. and Jamal Khan, S. (2013) "Effect of HRT on SBR Performance for Treatability of Combined Domestic and Textile Wastewaters", Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan, 35 (527-532). IF 0.345

17.    Jamal Khan, S., Ahmad, A., Nawaz, S., Hankins, N. (2014) “Membrane Fouling and Performance Evaluation of Conventional MBR, moving biofilm MBR and oxic/anoxic MBR”, Water Science and Technology, 69 (1403-1409). IF 1.106

18.    Maqbool, T., Jamal Khan, S., Lee, C.H. (2014) "Effects of filtration modes on membrane fouling behavior and treatment in submerged membrane bioreactor", Bioresource Technology, 172 (391-395). IF: 4.494

19.    Gadelha, G., Nawaz, M.S., Wang, R., Tang, C.Y., Jamal Khan, S. and Hankins, N.P. (2014) "Assessment of Micellar Draw Solutions for use in Forward Osmosis Membrane Bioreactors", Desalination, 354 (97-106). IF: 3.756

20.    Maqbool, T., Jamal Khan, S., Waheed, H., Lee, C.H., Hashmi, I., Iqbal, H. (2015) "Membrane biofouling retardation and improved sludge characteristics using quorum quenching bacteria in submerged membrane bioreactor", Journal of Membrane Science, 483, 75-83. IF. 5.056

21.    Shahzad, M., Jamal Khan, S., Paul, P. (2015) "Influence of Temperature on the Performance of a Full-Scale Activated Sludge Process Operated at Varying Solids Retention Times Whilst Treating Municipal Sewage", Water, 7, 855-867. IF.1.291

22.    Aftab, B., Jamal Khan, S., Maqbool, T., Hankins, N.P. (2015) "High strength domestic wastewater treatment with submerged forward osmosis membrane bioreactor", Water Science and Technology, 72 (141-149). IF 1.106

23.    Khalid, S., Hashmi, I., Jamal Khan, S. (2016) “Bacterial assisted degradation of chlorpyrifos: The key role of environmental conditions, trace metals and organic solvents”, Journal of Environmental Management, 168, 1-9. IF. 2.723

24.    Waheed, H., Hashmi, I., Jamal Khan, S., Kim, S.R., Arshad, M., Nasir, H. (2016) “Microbial population dynamics and profiling of quorum sensing agents in membrane bioreactor”, International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, Accepted. IF 2.131

25.    Imran, B., Jamal Khan, S., Qazi, I.A., Arshad, M. (2016) "Removal and recovery of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) from industrial wastewater by two-stage diffusion dialysis (DD) and electrodialysis (ED) processes", Desalination and Water Treatment, 57 (17) 7926-7932. IF 1.173

26.    Ahmad, F., Jamal Khan, S., Jamal, Y., Kamran, H., Ahsan, A., Ahmad, M., Khan, A. (2016) "Desalination of brackish water using capacitive deionization (CDI) technology", Desalination and Water Treatment, 57 (17) 7659-7666. IF 1.173

27.    Imran Khan, S., Hashmi, I., Jamal Khan, S., Henderson, R. (2016) “Performance and optimization of lab-scale membrane bioreactors for synthetic municipal wastewater”, Desalination and Water Treatment, Accepted. IF 1.173

28.    Nawaz, M.S., Parveen, F., Jamal Khan, S. and Hankins, N.P. (2016) "Reverse Solute Transport, Microbial Toxicity, Membrane Cleaning and Flux of Regenerated Draw in the FO-MBR using a Micellar Draw Solution", Desalination, 391, 105-111. IF: 3.756

29.    Khalid, S., Hashmi, I., Jamal Khan, S. (2016) "Effect of Metal Ions and Petrochemicals on Bioremediation of Organophosphate Pesticide Chlorpyrifos in Aerobic Sequencing Batch Bioreactor (ASBR)" Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 23, 20646-20660 IF: 2.760

30.    Ghalib Hasnain, Sher Jamal Khan, Saud Ahmed Khan, Usama Awais, Muhammad Junaid, Ahmed Ali, Nelufar Raza, Saimar Pervez (2016) “Optimization of hydraulic retention time (HRT) employing statistical tools of a lab-scale sequencing batch rector (SBR) treating real wastewater of a University campus”, Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES), 9, 129-141

31.    Aftab, B., Jamal Khan, S., Maqbool, T., and Hankins, N.P. (2017) “Heavy metals removal by osmotic membrane bioreactor (OMBR) and their effect on sludge properties”, Desalination, 403, 117-127. IF: 3.756

32.    Khanzada, N.K., Jamal Khan, S., Davies, P.A. (2017) “Performance evaluation of reverse osmosis (RO) pre-treatment technologies for in-land brackish water treatment” Desalination, 406, 44-50. IF: 3.756

33.    Kamran Manzoor, Sher Jamal Khan, Yousuf Jamal, Muhammad Aamir Shahzad (2017) “Heat Extraction and Brine Management from Salinity Gradient Solar Pond and Membrane Distillation”, Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 118, 226-237. IF: 2.525

34.    Ghalib Hasnain, Sher Jamal Khan, M. Zeshan Arshad and Haris Yar Abdullah (2017) “Combined Impact of Quorum Quenching and Backwashing on Biofouling Control in a Semi-Pilot Scale MBR Treating Real Wastewater”, Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan, Accepted. IF: 0.345

35.    Saba, B., Zaman, B., Mahmood, T., Jamal Khan, S. (2016) “Treatment of Wastewater with a High C/N Ratio in Sequencing Batch Bioreactor (SBBR) containing Biocarriers”, Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Accepted. IF 1.065
Undergraduate-Environmental Engineering
  •     Introduction to Environmental Engineering
  •     Water Treatment and Distribution Network Design
  •     Wastewater Collection and Treatment

Postgraduate-Environmental Engineering
  •     Water Resources Management
  •     Wastewater Treatment and Design
  •     Physico-Chemical Processes in Environmental Engineering
  •     Membrane Technology for Water and Wastewater Treatment
Head of Department-Environmental Engineering                            Sep.14-Present
Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering (IESE)
National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) Islamabad, Pakistan

Associate Professor                                                 Mar.13-Present
Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering (IESE)
National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) Islamabad, Pakistan

Assistant Professor                                                       Feb.08-Feb.13
Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering (IESE)
National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) Islamabad, Pakistan

Lecturer                                                           Dec.03-Jan.08
Institute of Environmental Science and Engineering (IESE)   
National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST) Rawalpindi, Pakistan