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Resume Components

Components of Resume 

There are certain elements that are required in any resume, no matter what format is chosen. Along with that there are also optional elements that vary from person to person. A person should make decisions about these according to the job objective, career history, and the amount of space that is available.

All resumes must contain at least three principle areas of information. These areas include contact information, education for students and in case of people who have work experience; their work experience should be mentioned. These are key sections of your resume, and they are non-negotiable.

  • Contact Information
  • Education and Training
  • Work History
  • Contact Information

  • Name
  • Postal Address
  • Telephone no: work, home, mobile, as applicable
  • Fax number, if applicable
  • E-mail Address
  • Education and Training

    It provides information about your formal education and professional training. The further in time away from your educational credentials you are, the less emphasis they should receive. Here are tips on listing information:

  • List your highest level of education first and work backwards. If you have specialized or professional training that relates directly to your job objective, list it first.
  • If you have postgraduate qualifications include your undergraduate credentials.
  • Include any honours or rewards you may want the world to know about.
  • If you are a student making the transition to the workforce for the first time, your educational credentials belong at he top of your resume.
  • Work History

    This is the body of your resume – the part that takes up the most space and sells you the hardest.

    A person with experience has to mention the functional areas of expertise and in case of the student’s skills or internship history is important to mention in this section. If a person’s resume do not fall in one of the above mentioned formats, then the persons work history might consist of lists of credentials, productions in which he has been involved, acting jobs that a person has done, clients that are served by a person, projects that a person has worked on.

    Label this part of resume to cue readers and interviewers. Some suggested labels of resume depending on your career situation are:

  • Summary of experience
  • Professional background
  • Career history
  • Summary of your accomplishments
  • Employment history
  • Career highlights 
  • Selected accomplishments
  • Objective

    Recommended only if you are pursuing a very specific, focused job, or if you have limited or no experience in the workplace. In case of students mention it on top and be very appropriate and to the point.

    Publications / Presentations

    If you have a long list, divide and then subdivide by topics, If you have short list, you might make this one field. You can list a few articles that are in preparation and will be published.

    Special Skills

    This portion is appropriate if your career centres specified expertise. You may wish to list, for example, computer hardware or software knowledge, or language proficiencies.

    Certificate and Training

    List these if they directly relate to your career objective. If they enhance your stature or position in the job marketplace, include them.

    Associations / Affiliations

    Include current (not past) membership or active involvement in any professional or civic associations that relate to your career focus or job objective.

    Awards / Honours and Recognitions

    List any career-related awards you’ve garnered, but don’t go overboard. It’s nice to be singled out for recognition, but mention awards/honours without adding element of self praise be precise and specific.

    Professional Developments

    List any courses, seminars, workshops, or training experiences that relate to your career focus, or recent positions held. If you include this section in your resume, it should immediately precede after mentioning the educational qualification.