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College of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering  (CEME)
Student Projects (Abstracts)

1. STAR Unmanned Ground Vehicle:

The main focus of the project is to develop design, analysis, fabrication and control of an Unmanned Ground Vehicle which is capable of performing mobility with enhanced maneuverability. Flipper arms being one of the highlighted features of this UGV allows it to move in virtually all terrains encompassing over a range which includes rough rigid terrain to semi amphibious terrains including sand or snow. The platform has different augmenting features which allows it move through toughest of the terrains put before it which may include slopes, stairs and boulders etc. The platform is capable of carrying different peripherals on it including a manipulator, a mine detector and a G3 Rifle mount. The platform is visioned to have a payload capacity of 20 Kg.
Supervisors: Dr. Javaid Iqbal, Asst. Prof. Nasir Rashid, Eng. Sehrish shah nawaz Eng Adnan Sujha
2. TREK Unmanned Ground Vehicle:
This project is funded by Pakistan Army. This UGV is a general purpose mobile robot excessively used in many applications throughout the world. This can further possess robotic-arms with varying degrees of freedom, depending upon a particular requirement. For example one can attach as said above a manipulator to handle, that is, to pick up and dispense suspected items from the ground and from remote and inaccessible locations which are potentially unsafe, thus to normalize terrorist activity. Bomb disposal is yet another application which includes smartly removing bomb-lets from airfields and disposing them ardently. Hence, it can find its application as a complete surveillance machine as well as a bomb disposal unit. Apart from that it has the capability to attach a G3 rifle on it with ability to locate the target, focus on it and fire at it with the help of a camera attached on it. This mobile vehicle will be remotely controlled via radio link. We have done the home work of designing such a vehicle which will be fitted with a smart sensors and actuators system, controlled through remote stations using microcontrollers. At the remote site, user can interact with the vehicle using a special purpose graphical user interface. This mobile vehicle can be fitted with various sensors that will help it to stabilize while mounting stairs, moving straight on a rugged path, obstacle detection and avoidance.
 Supervisors: Dr. Javaid Iqbal,  Asst. Prof. Nasir Rashid
 3. Design and Fabrication of a UGV Manipulator: 
 This project presents the design of a new low-cost robotic manipulator for mounting on Unmanned Ground Vehicles and performing simple tasks in a rugged, mobile environment. The arm is unique in that it achieves reasonable performance for the envisioned tasks (backlash-free, moves at 1.4m/s, 5 kg payloads) but at a lower cost than comparable manipulators. In this project we have also discussed the design decisions taken in achieving this combination of price and performance. Tradeoffs of the design are also discussed thoroughly, especially in the areas of accuracy and payload.
 Supervisors: Dr. Mahmood A. Khan
4. G3 Mount & Control for UGV:
Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGV)  the military robot used to assist the soldiers’ capability. These types of robot are generally capable of operating outdoors and over a wide variety of terrain, functioning in place of humans. Multipurpose UGVs can be used for carrying weapons platforms, as logistics carriers, and in reconnaissance, surveillance, and target acquisition. As far as Pakistan is concerned there has been no research or practical implementation on mounting a weapon platform on them. Thus, we are trying to fabricate a design for the mounting of a G3 Assault Rifle for a UGV. The G3 is a family of assault rifles manufactured by Heckler & Koch. G3A3 Rifle, 7.62 mm x 51 NATO is a modern combat rifle combining the accuracy of a sniper rifle with the firepower of a machine gun. It is produced in accordance with the most advanced manufacturing methods. The rifle is designed for semi-automatic and fully automatic fire & can be fired from any shooting position. Nowadays, it is being manufactured in Pakistan Ordnance Factory (POF) Wah and is used as a service rifle used by Pakistan Army. This project aims towards mounting of the G3 on a UGV.
Supervisor: Asst. Prof. Nasir Rashid


5. Land Mine Detection Robot:

This project presents the design of an automatic system for detecting landmines, IEDs and UXOs. Highly sensitive metal detector has been integrated with the UGV; an algorithm has been designed and implemented to detect plastic and metallic mines. The system developed is intelligent enough to position itself according to changing ground profile. 

Supervisor: Dr. Umer Izhar,


6. Smart Phone (I Phone 4) Controlled Shrimp UGV :

In both remote and urban environments, there is extensive use of mobile robots in numerous operations by both military personnel and civilians. These robots are often controlled by mobile control stations which are expensive and complex in design. This project presents the development of a system for control of such robots using smart phones. The medium of communication is Wi-Fi 802.11bgn standards. The design allows for ranges of over 400m between operator and the robot. This solution for robot control allows the operator to move freely using only one smart phone for control and feedback purposes. The control box placed on the robot is fully self-contained during operation and is weather proof. The control box also sends surveillance back to the smartphone being operated by the person in control of the robot.

Supervisor: Dr. Kunwar Faraz Ahmed Khan


7. IDRIS (Outdoor Navigation):

This project demonstrates a reliable navigation of a mobile robot in outdoor environment. We fuse data from differential GPS, odometry, and stereo vision using framework of Kalman filter. Mapping has been done by the implementation of basic algorithms of occupancy grids. Run time implementation of the proposed method has been achieved using Linux OP and open CV library.

Supervisor: Dr. Kunwar Faraz Ahmed Khan


8. IDRIS (Indoor Navigation):

The main focus of the IDRIS (Intelligent driving system) INDOOR is on incorporating the intelligent functionalities in the wheel chair which includes path planning, obstacle avoidance, localization and mapping. In order to achieve this, the motor control and PID implementation on the motors is also included. Our main target is to build a generic stereo vision system which will work in all environments and is able to face all the real world challenges.
Supervisor: Dr. Kunwar Faraz Ahmed Khan

9. Pneumatic Micro actuator Gripper:

The concept of making a flexible micro-actuator gripper driven by an electro-pneumatic system has to be proved. It will have two to three degree of freedom, making it useful for robotics mechanisms such as fingers, legs or arms. It will be made by fiber reinforced silicon rubber .Such a FMA can be used in miniature robots.
Supervisor: Dr. Javaid Iqbal

10. Myo – Electric Prosthetic limb using ADS 1298:

Prosthesis is an synthetic device that substitutes a missing body part. When a limb has been amputated, the motor and sensory nerves that used to serve it are still purposeful up to the point of amputation. If an interface can be made between these nerves and man-made electrical components, then the control signals that come from the brain to the limb could be used to control a mechanical auxiliary for the missing limb. The process uses active electrodes to get the signal from the muscles. Active electrodes contain a high input impedance electronics amplifier in the same housing as the detection surfaces. The amplifier used processes it to be measured using a Pico scope and interfaced on the computer. The voltage signal would be amplified and handled by the help of ADS-1298. This IC is fundamentally an ADC (24-bit) that processes the signal. The signal output from the ADC is then used to drive the motor.
Supervisors: Dr. Umar Shahbaz Khan, Dr Javaid Iqbal
11. Design of a Hand Exoskeleton:
Partial Paralysis often occurs due to spinal cord injuries, which generally means some functionality loss in the hands of the affected. This project covers the model design of an exoskeleton which will restore hand use for basic daily activities such as gripping and pinching. This also has applications for individuals who may be physically weaker such as the elderly or those with   neuromuscular diseases. The design is economical to manufacture and hence affordable to the commoner. The structure is made of lightweight materials and the design is based closely on tendon actuation, which is how the human hand functions. To close and open the grip, four servo motors are used, with the thumb permanently fixed in a specific position. Threads are used to actuate the exoskeleton structure by the servo motors.
Supervisors: Dr. Umar Shahbaz Khan, Dr Javaid Iqbal
12. Design of Tendon Activated Prosthetic Hand:
The main focus of the ‘Tendon Activated Prosthetic Hand’ is to design and manufacture a suitable prosthetic hand having individual finger movement using suitable motion sensors for detection of motion of tendons. Our main target is to build a light weight prosthetic hand which will work in all environments and is able to face all the real world challenges.
Supervisors: Dr. Umar Shahbaz Khan, Dr Javaid Iqbal
13. Scanner For Euro Standard Vehicles:
This project presents the development of an indigenous CAN circuitry and a remote on-line diagnostic system for vehicles using On- Board Diagnostics (OBD) and G3 technology. The different parts of the circuitry are a microcontroller, CAN controller and a CAN tranceiver. The main parts of the remote online diagnostic system are a server and vehicles equipped with OBD kits. The equipped vehicles can transmit required data which is received by the server. The server diagnoses the problems and sends the instructions to rectify it.
Supervisors: Dr. Javaid Iqbal, Asst. Prof. Nasir Rashid
14. Generic OBD Kit for Military Vehicles:
This project presents the development of a generic OBD device and its working with different passenger vehicles and military vehicle Land rover defender. This device shows the real time vehicle system status, including vehicle speed, engine rpm, throttle position, battery voltage, engine coolant temperature etc. and the diagnostic trouble codes for the specific vehicle. Software is also developed which is used as interface between user and the ECU of vehicle. According to the results obtained from different tests performed on vehicles, the device helps the mechanics to understand the vehicle status and check malfunctions if any. This generic device can prove as an easy to use, battery free device that drives power from the car. Therefore this generic device can reduce the time of vehicle repair due to the unavailability of motor mechanic or vehicle specific OBD device that finds the diagnostic trouble codes.
Supervisors: Dr. Javaid Iqbal, Asst. Prof. Nasir Rashid

15. Design of Segway Vehicle:

This project is about the Segway human transporter; a two wheeled, self-balancing electric vehicle which imitates the walking principle and human balance. It consists of four major elements: the wheel and motor assembly, the sensor system comprising of gyroscopes and accelerometers, the circuit board brain and the operator control system. We aim at producing a fully-operational Segway vehicle with a compact design which caters for better shock absorption on rough terrains and includes an improved control system. To achieve this goal, we have divided the project into several elaborate phases including: mechanical design, stress analysis, building a Segway prototype, complete Segway fabrication including its electronics and an efficient Segway control system. By the end of the project we aim to develop a fully operational Segway vehicle.
Supervisors: Dr. Umer Izhar

16. ABB Based Robotic Workcell:

This final year project describes a modern integration for controlling a complex manufacturing cell that is based on ABB Robotic Workcell which also comprises of PLC that has an Intelitek CIM Conveyor belt system and Allen Bradley Controller. By integrating all these along with the camera system, our final aim is to achieve a unique industrial unit that can perform desired task.
Supervisors: Dr. Javaid Iqbal, Mr. Qasim
17. Electric Quad Bike With Weaponary System (Control) ULV:
 The importance of unmanned land vehicle is directly related to the applications to which it can be successfully applied. In paper, we present a modification of an electric ATV for remote operation for the purpose of employing it as a lead vehicle in military convoys. The adopted control architecture consists of of a, possibly mobile, remote terminal wherein a human driver would be able to control the ATV via mock play station driving assembly and a robust communication mechanism using Wi-Fi. Video feedback is obtained from a camera mounted on the ATV.
Supervisors: Dr. Javaid Iqbal, Dr. Khurram Kamal
18. Electric Quad Bike With Weaponary System:
The aim of this project is to wirelessly control the machine gun MG1A3 which will be later on mounted on the Electric Quad Bike (ATV) used as Unmanned Lead Vehicle (ULV). To control the mount through live manual control we will be using video feedback, displayed on the screen of user interface, for the live transmission and know-how of the position of gun and ULV both. For the position control through digital (increment or decrement) values of the position of the mount, we will be using the PID control with the help of motor encoders. Using the complete 2-DoF movements the mount will be able to move freely in the two axes azimuth (horizontal) and elevation (vertical). Our system will permit the operator to directly engage the target from a moving or stationery vehicle.

Supervisors:  Dr Javaid Iqbal


19. CNC (Computer Numerical Control):

Pro/ENGINEER, PTC's parametric, integrated 3D CAD/CAM/CAE solution, is used by discrete manufacturers for mechanical engineering, design and manufacturing. Pro/ENGINEER was the industry's first successful rule-based constraint (sometimes called "parametric" or "variational") 3D CAD modeling system. The parametric modeling approach uses parameters, dimensions, features, and relationships to capture intended product behavior and create a recipe which enables design automation and the optimization of design and product development processes. This powerful and rich design approach is used by companies whose product strategy is family-based or platform-driven, where a prescriptive design strategy is critical to the success of the design process by embedding engineering constraints and relationships to quickly optimize the design, or where the resulting geometry may be complex or based upon equations. Pro/ENGINEER provides a complete set of design, analysis and manufacturing capabilities on one, integral, scalable platform. These capabilities, include Solid Modeling, Surfacing, Rendering, Data Interoperability, Routed Systems Design, Simulation, Tolerance Analysis, and NC and Tooling Design.
Supervisor: Lec. Anas bin Aqeel, CNC Tech Usman Ali