Dr. Adnan Maqsood (HoD Research)
Department of Computational Engineering
National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST)
Research Center of Modeling and Simulation(RCMS), Academic-I Building, NUST Campus, H-12, Islamabad, Pakistan
Aerodynamics/Flight Mechanics & Control/Human Factors
PhD (Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering)
Dr. Adnan Maqsood is working as Assistant Professor at National
University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Pakistan, since 2012. He
received his Bachelor’s degree in Aerospace Engineering from NUST,
Pakistan in 2005 and PhD from Nanyang Technological University (NTU),
Singapore (Currently No. 11 in the world according to QS-Rankings)
in January 2012. Currently, he is engaged in graduate teaching and
research at Research Centre for Modeling & Simulation and heading
Mechanics Interdisciplinary Group (MIG) (www.mig-rcms.pk
Dr. Adnan Maqsood has done significant research work and published
several top quality international conferences and journal papers. He
has been often invited as a reviewer for a number of conferences,
journals and book reviews. The current research interests of Dr. Adnan
Maqsood are associated with: Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) Systems, Flight
Dynamics and Control, Nonlinear Dynamics, Applied & Computational
Aerodynamics and Human Factors in UAVs.
For details please visit www.mig-rcms.pk
Research Focus Areas:
MIG thematic areas focus on problem-centric solution approach rather
than solution-centric problem-search. Working in collaboration, MIG
customize methodologies and carry out innovative applied research in the
area of aerodynamics, flight mechanics & control. Currently, MIG
researchers are actively pursuing following thematic / focus areas:1.Aerodynamics, Flight Mechanics & Control of Fixed-Wing Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems.
Unmanned Aircraft Systems with the wing span less than one meter have
gained significant attention in recent years because of its versatility
in multi-faceted mission profiles. Conceptually, these systems should be
capable of immediate deployment and operated through a palm sized
ground control station by a single operator. Even though this area of
research is pretty renowned in academia for the last two decades,
however, lot of challenges impedes its large-scale operational
Typical attributes associated with the aerodynamics of
Small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) are low Reynolds number, low
altitude flying environments and low aspect ratio platforms. These
attributes give birth to several challenges such as poor aerodynamic
performance, nonlinear/complex lift patterns and reduced gust tolerance.
Specifically we are working on:
Aerodynamics: We are exploring biplanes, flexible membrane wings and
different morphing configurations to enhance aerodynamic performance in
this flight regime.
- Utilization of Polhamus method to segregate potential &
vortex lift associated with these platforms and generate an alternate
way of assessing aerodynamic contributions.
- Engineering the nature-inspired corrugation for small UAS platforms.
attributes associated with the flight mechanics and control for these
systems are expanded flight envelopes, low moment of inertia and small
stability margins with high design versatility. These attributes give
birth to the several challenges out of which a few are: triggering of
nonlinear phenomena, dynamic stability estimation and flight performance
prediction. We are currently working on following approaches to build
new knowledge in this area:
2. Limit Cycle Oscillations in Aerospace Systems:
- Evaluation of dynamic stability derivatives using CFD. Our
major focus is tilted towards studying the effect of geometric
variables on dynamic damping behavior.
- Different optimization algorithms are used to study versatile
trajectories associated with small UAS such as: transitions between
hover & cruise, perching & dynamic soaring maneuvers. One of our
recent initiatives is the characterization of perching maneuvers
performed by flying insects.
- Development of surrogate models to evaluate the performance
& find underlying scalability trends between geometric &
Cycles are self-sustained oscillations manifested by dynamic systems
that are mostly undesirable in aerospace applications. Linear systems
theory is limited and cannot decipher the limit cycle characteristics in
relation to the aircraft parameters. To overcome this limitation,
nonlinear analysis is required.
Complex dynamic systems generally exhibit a mixture of fast and
slow response. Some parameters of a certain system may govern the fast
dynamic behavior while other may affect the slow dynamic response of the
system. In order to fully understand the system so that desired
alterations during design and development cycle can be made,
understanding the response due to relevant parameters on the slow and
fast system behavior can be vital. Generally, instabilities in slow
behavior are less threatening than in the fast dynamics. The Multiple
Time Scales (MTS) approach separates these slow and fast manifolds of
the system explicitly and is based exactly on this separation idea. The
idea of the extension is to transform the existing dimension of time to a
multiple dimensional space. Since many physical systems of interest
exhibit multiple natural time scales, the MTS method is applicable to a
wide range of problems. One example is the separation of phugoid mode
(slow varying manifold) and short-period mode (fast varying manifold) in
aircraft longitudinal dynamics.
Currently, we are working on following problems:
3.Aerodynamics & Flight Mechanics of Supersonic Blunt Bodies with Active / Passive Flow Control.
- Effect of low-aspect ratio rectangular wings on wing-rock.
- Effect of compressor characteristic curve on surge in axial flow compressors.
- LCO of Atmospheric Entry Vehicles in low supersonic regime.
- Pressure Oscillations inside Combustion Chamber of solid rocket motors.
main scientific aim of this project is to reduce and modify the nose
shock wave in order to generate smaller drag force and / or better
conditions to overcome sonic barrier and to diminish sonic boom
main motivation of this project is to understand the complex shock wave
pattern formed by the nose of the aircraft and alleviate its adverse
contributions that are high drag, high acoustic signature and high
aerodynamic heating.Specifically, feasibility of different passive,
active and hybrid flow control techniques to tailor the shock wave
characteristics are currently investigated. In near future, effect of
active flow control techniques on static and dynamic stability
characteristics will also be investigated.
The research in this area is pursued through active collaboration with Dr. Laurent Dala, Northumbria University, UK.
4.Design & Development of Energy-Efficient Electric Fan Blades
research pertains to the improvement in the energy efficiency of
pedestal and ceiling fans through aerodynamic design refinement of
blades. The fan industry of Pakistan is renowned at national and
international levels. This is widely considered as an elite sector that
is fulfilling national needs of domestic electric fans as well as
exporting their products. Gujrat, a hub of fan industry hosts about 300
Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). These SMEs are facing tough
competition because of advancement in technology, requirement of energy
efficiency and failure to comply national / global quality standards. As
a result, different fan manufacturers are approaching scientific
experts in academia to improve their product design. In this research,
we will be collaborating with STARCO® Fans, Gujrat, an industry that has
evolved during the last 10 years from a small setup to a substantially
large enterprise with primary focus on ceiling, pedestal and
wall-mounted fan manufacturing. MIG has already executed a small-scale
project with STARCO® Fans in the past in which one ceiling fan blade
design of one product was optimized. National University of Sciences
& Technology (NUST) and STARCO® Fans intend to expand the scope of
collaboration. In this research, aerodynamics body of knowledge is used
to refine / redesign / optimize the pedestal and ceiling fan blade
designs through computational and experimental approaches. The results
produced through this research are lucrative in the sense that
implementation cost of the solutions can boost the quality of products
with zero investment cost. Moreover, the proposed solutions do not
require any improvisation in existing production line.
W., Maqsood, A., and Riaz, R. (2018). Multiple Time Scale Analysis of
Pressure Oscillations in Solid Rocket Motors. Results in Physics.
8(2018), 1068-1075. (Impact Factor ~ 0.9)
A., Maqsood, A. and Saeed, T. (2017). Multicore and GPU based
Pupillometry using Parabolic and Elliptic Hough Transform. International
Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Robotics Research. 6 (5),
425-433. (Scopus indexed)
H. S., Maqsood, A. and Mustansar, Z. (2017). Isotropic Surround
Suppression and Hough Transform based Target Recognition from Aerial
Images. International Journal of Advanced & Applied Sciences. 4(8),
37-42. (ISI Master List)
A., Maqsood, A., Sherbaz, S., and Dala, L. (2017). Drag Reduction of
Supersonic Blunt Bodies using Opposing Jet & Nozzle Geometric
Variations. Aerospace Science & Technology. 69(2017), 244-256.
(Impact Factor ~ 2.057)
M. A., Maqsood, A., Butt, S. I., Tauqeer, T. and Hasan, A. (2017).
Aerodynamic Investigation and Redeisgn of Ceiling Fan Blades for
Enhanced Energy Efficiency. MAEJO International Journal of Science &
Technology. 11(2), 97-114. (Impact Factor ~ 0.312)
M. A., Butt, S. I., Gilani, O., Jamil, M., Maqsood, A. and Zhang, F.
(2017). Optimizing Availability of a Framework in Series Configuration
Utilizing Markov Model and Monte Carlo Simulation Techniques. Symmetry.
9(7), 01-14. (Impact Factor ~ 1.457)
A. B., Butt, S. I., Ghulam, H., Siddiqui, M. A., Maqsood, A. and Zhang,
F. (2017). Thermal Model of Rotary Friction Welding for Similar and
Dissimilar Metals. Metals. 7(6), 01-14. (Impact Factor ~1.984)
K., Ahmad, R., Maqsood, A. and Mazhar, F. (2016). Knowledge-Based
Aerodynamic Estimation of Airships. International Journal of Mechanical
Engineering and Robotics Research. 5(4), 239-245. (Scopus indexed)
M. and Maqsood, A. (2016). Dynamic Modeling & Analysis of a High
Pressure Regulator. Mathematical Problems in Engineering. 2016. (Impact
Factor ~ 0.802)
E., Maqsood, A., Mushtaq, A. and Sohn, C. H. (2016). Parametric Study
and Optimization of Ceiling Fan Blades for Improved Aerodynamic
Performance. Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics. 9(6), 2905-2916.
(Impact Factor ~ 0.888)
M., Maqsood, A. and Hasan, A. (2016). Quadratic Optimal Control of
Aerodynamic Vectored UAV at High Angle of Attack. International Review
of Aerospace Engineering. 9(3), 70-79. (Scopus indexed)
S., Maqsood, A. and Khan, J. (2015). Machinery Options for Green Ship.
Journal of Engineering Science & Technology Review. 8(3), 169-173.
A., Maqsood, A. and Go, T. H. (2015). Review on Analysis & Modeling
of Dynamic Stability Characteristics of Atmospheric Entry Vehicles.
NUST Journal of Engineering Sciences. 7(1), 15-21.
A. and Go, T. H. (2015). Effect of Aspect Ratio on Wing Rock at Low
Reynolds Number. Aerospace Science and Technology. (Accepted)
A. and Go, T. H. (2015). Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Flexible
Membrane Micro Air Vehicle. Aircraft Engineering & Aerospace
Technology. 87(1), 30-37.
A. and Go, T. H. (2013). Parametric Studies and Performance Analysis of
a Biplane Micro Air Vehicle. International Journal of Aeronautical
& Space Sciences. 14(3), 229-236.
A. and Go, T. H. (2013). Lift Estimation of Low Aspect Ratio Annular
Wings Based on Suction Analogy. AIAA Journal, 51(2), 529-534. Doi:
A. and Go, T. H. (2012). Optimization of Transition Maneuvers through
Aerodynamic Vectoring. Aerospace Science and Technology, 23(1), 363-371.
Doi: (10.1016/j.bbr.2011.03.031 )
A. (2012). Longitudinal Dynamics, Optimization and Control of Aircraft
Transition Maneuver Using Aerodynamic Vectoring. Journal of Aerospace
Technology and Management, 4(3), 393-395.
A., Huei, F. H. and Go, T. H. (2012). Propeller Induced Effects on the
Aerodynamics of a Small Unmanned-Aerial-Vehicle. Journal of Aerospace
Technology and Management, 4(4), 475-480. Doi:
A. and Go, T. H. (2012). Design Improvement of a Versatile Ducted-Fan
UAV. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 9(1), 01-17.
A. and Go, T. H. (2012). Multiple Time Scales Analysis of Aircraft
Longitudinal Dynamics with Aerodynamic Vectoring. Nonlinear Dynamics,
69(3), 731-742. Doi: (10.1007/s11071-011-0300-3 )
A. and Go, T. H. (2010). Longitudinal Flight Dynamic Analysis of an
Agile UAV. Aircraft Engineering & Aerospace Technology, 82(5),
A. and Go, T. H. (2010). Optimization of Hover-to-Cruise Transition
Maneuver Using Variable-Incidence Wing. AIAA Journal of Aircraft, 47(3),
- Mir, I, Maqsood, A. and
Akhtar, S. (2017). Dynamic Modeling & Stability Analysis of a
Generic UAV in Glide Phase. 2017 International Conference on Mechanical,
Material and Aerospace Engineering, China. (DOI:
- Mir, I, Maqsood, A. and
Akhtar, S. (2017). Optimization of Dynamic Soaring Maneuvers to Enhance
Endurance of a Versatile UAV. IOP Conference Series: International
Conference on Aerospace, Mechanical & Mechatronic Engineering,
- Mir, I, Maqsood, A. and
Akhtar, S. (2017). Optimization of Dynamic Soaring Maneuvrs for a
Morphing Capable UAV. AIAA Information Systems-AIAA Infotech @
Aerospace, Grapevine, Texas, USA. (AIAA 2017-0678)
A., Hussain, Z., Khan, F. and Maqsood, A. (2017). Quantitative
Evaluation of Security and Privacy Perceptions in Online Social
Networks: A Case Study. 14th International Bhurban Conference on Applied
Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.
- Mumtaz, S., Maqsood, A. and
Sherbaz, S. (2016). Computational Modeling of Dynamic Stability
Derivatives for Generic Airfoils. 3rd International Conference on
Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, China.
E., Maqsood, A. and Musthaq, A. (2015). Effect of Number of Blades on
Performance of Ceiling Fans. 4th International Conference on Advances in
Mechanics Engineering, Spain.
E., Maqsood, A., Musthaq, A. and Hussain, Z. (2015). Shape Optimization
of Non-linear Swept Ceiling Fan Blades through RANS simulations and
Response Surface Methods. 12th International Bhurban Conference on
Applied Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.
S., Ahmad, R. and Maqsood, A. (2014). Parametric Screening and Design
Refinement of Ceiling Fan Blades. International Conference on
Manufacturing & Engineering Technology (ICMET), China. Pages:
591-595; CRC Press 2014.
Afaq, M. A.,
Maqsood, A., Parvez K. and Mushtaq, A. (2014). Study on the Design
Improvement of an Indoor Ceiling Fan. 11th International Bhurban
Conference on Applied Sciences and Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.
- Akram, F., Masud, J.,
Rehman, A. and Maqsood, A. (2007). Optimization and Integration of NACA
Submerged Inlet For Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Operating in High Subsonic
Regime. 5th International Bhurban Conference on Applied Sciences and
Technology, Islamabad, Pakistan.
- Maqsood, A., Masud, J.
and Qazi, O. A. (2006) Analysis of Aerodynamic Characteristics of
Original and Modified Wing-Strake Arrangement of JF-17 THUNDER Aircraft.
10th National Aeronautical Conference, Risalpur, Pakistan.
- Mehdi, A., Masud, J.,
Maqsood, A. and Sheikh, S. R. (2006) Evaluation of Aerodynamic Effect of
Upgrade Antenna Modification on DA-20 Aircraft using Linearized
Potential Flow Approximation. 10th National Aeronautical Conference,
- Afridi, U., Maqsood, A.,
Khan, A. M. and Sheikh, S. R. (2006) Review of the Active Aeroelastic
Wing Concept and Utilization. 10th National Aeronautical Conference,
- Ahmed, S., Sarosh, S.,
Maqsood, A. and Masud, J. (2006) MAGLEV – A High Speed Landborne
Technology. 10th National Aeronautical Conference, Risalpur, Pakistan.
- Khwaja, H. A., Maqsood,
A., Haq, I., Masud, J. and Sheikh, S. R. (2006) Statistical Evaluation
of the Performance Parameters of Dual Working Propulsion Systems in
Conjunction by Varying Mass Flow Rate . 10th National Aeronautical
Conference, Risalpur, Pakistan.
- Khan, H. A., Aneel, M.,
Maqsood, A. and Khan, A. M. (2006) High Speed Civil Transport . 10th
National Aeronautical Conference, Risalpur, Pakistan.
- Zaidi, S. A. N., Maqsood,
A. and Sheikh, S. R. (2006) Bio Structures: Hydrodynamics of a Shark .
10th National Aeronautical Conference, Risalpur, Pakistan.
Maqsood, A., (2014) Modeling & Simulation: Science for Youth of Pakistan. Punjab Youth Summit, Lahore, Pakistan
Maqsood, A. (2013). Overview
of Low Reynolds Number Flight – From Earth to Mars. 2nd National
Conference on Space Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
Maqsood, A., (2013) Modeling
& Simulation: A Methodology to Accelerate Research Endeavors of
Pakistan. 1st Kinnaird Multidisciplinary Research Conference, Lahore,
Post-Graduate Students Supervision/Co-Supervision:
Shagufta Yasir (2014-Current). Deciphering the Physics of Dragonfly Flight. (PhD)
Imran Mir (2014-Current).
Dynamics, Optimization and Control of Albatross Inspired Dynamic Soaring
Maneuvers for a Generic Unmanned Air Vehicle. (PhD)
Muhammad Aaqib Afaq (2013). Aerodynamic Design & Optimization of Energy Efficient Ceiling Fan. (MSc)
Arooj Fatima (2013). Numerical Investigation of the Effect of Gap on Biplane Wings for MAV Applications. (MSc)
Amnah Nasim (2014). Detection and Cognitive Assessment of Pupil Dilation Using High Performance Computing. (MSc)
Muhammad Kamran Khan Tareen (2014). Analysis of Surge Phenomena in Axial Flow Compressors. (MSc)
Mubashra Manzoor (2014).
Control Synthesis for High Angle of Flight of an Unmanned Air Vehicle
Using Aerodynamic Vectoring. (MSc)
Ehsan Adeeb (2014). Computational Analysis of Forward Sweep Effect on Ceiling Fan Blades. (MSc)
Muhammad Usman (2014-Current). Flight Performance and Stability of Biplane MAVs under Gap Variation. (MSc)
Muhammad Ramzan (2014-Current). Modeling and Simulation of High Pressure Regulators. (MSc)
Saad Shahzad Sultan (2014-Current). Analytical Study of Limit-Cycle Oscillations for Decelerating Re-entry capsules. (MSc)
Muhammad Saleem Mumtaz
(2014-Current). Computational Modeling & Analysis of Pitch Damping
Derivatives for Generic Airfoils at Low Reynolds Number. (MSc)
Atiqa Bibi (2014-Current).
Computational Modeling & Analysis of Pitch Damping Derivatives for
Atmospheric Entry Vehicles. (MSc)
Shamraiz Ahmed (2014). Design
Optimization of Ceiling Fan Blades using Design of Experiments &
Response Surface Methods. (MSc)
- CSE-901 Advanced Compressible Fluids
- CSE-902 Advanced Incompressible Fluids
- CSE-911 Advanced Flight Mechanics
- SYSE-812 Human Factors Engineering
- SYSE-821 Unmanned Aircraft Systems
- SYSE-822 Applied Aerodynamics
- ME-831 Nonlinear Dynamics